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List of Alloys & profiles

List of Alloys & profiles

Alloy Wire International

Datasheet: Stainless Steel 316

Stainless Steel 316

Stainless Steel 316 has slightly better corrosion resistance than 302 and 304, and also has better non-magnetic properties. Stainless Steel 316 shows excellent corrosion and oxidation resistance in a range of atmospheric environments and corrosive media.

Stainless Steel 316 is also known as AISI 316.

Available in all profile options

Stainless Steel 316 - Alloy Wire International 1

Key Features

Stainless Steel 316 offers the following key features:

Better corrosion resistance and non-magnetic properties than 302 & 304 stainless.
Better pitting and crevice corrosion resistance than 302 & 304 stainless.

Typical Applications

Stainless Steel 316 is known to be suitable for the following applications:

More suited to Marine, Food and Medical applications than 302 and 304 stainless.
Food processing
Springs
Engineered components
Wire mesh
Wire cloth
Hose braiding


Designations

W.NR 1.4401
W.NR 1.4404
UNS S31600
AWS 162

Specifications

ASTM A313
ASTM A580
BS 970
BS 2056

Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of Stainless Steel 316 is indicated in the table below:

ElementMin %Max %
C0.07
Mn2.00
P0.045
S0.03
Si1.00
Cr16.0018.50
Ni9.5013.00
Mo2.002.50

Alloy Details

Stainless Steel 316 density, melting point, coefficient of expansion, modulus of rigidity, and elasticity is indicated in the table below:

DensityMelting PointCoefficient of ExpansionModulus of RigidityModulus of Elasticity
8.0 g/cm³1398 °C17.5 μm/m °C (20 – 100 °C)70.3 kN/mm²187.5 kN/mm²
0.289 lb/in³2555 °F9.7 x 10-6 in/in °F (70 – 212 °F)10196 ksi27195 ksi

Heat treatment of finished parts

The typical heat treatment of Stainless Steel 316:

Condition as supplied by AWITypeTemperatureTimeCooling
Annealed or Spring TemperStress Relieve250 °C (480 °F)1 HrAir

Properties

The typical mechanical properties of Stainless Steel 316:

Annealed
Approx. tensile strength<800 N/mm²<116 ksi
Approx. operating temperature-200 to +300 °C-330 to +570 °F
Spring Temper
Approx. tensile strength1300 – 2200 N/mm²189 – 319 ksi
Approx. operating temperature-200 to +300 °C-330 to +570 °F

The above tensile strength ranges are typical. If you require different please ask.